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FAQs

Freight Forwarders are key members of any international team. Chosen carefully, a forwarder will help make your international business a success. The key things to look for before deciding on a forwarder are: experience, global capabilities, price, transit time and after sales service.

Key FAQs:

Freight companies do not automatically cover cargo with “all risks” insurance. It is therefore STRONGLY recommended that customers arrange “all risk” insurance covers for every shipment.

Airfreight is based on both the actual weight and changeable weight of the cargo. As a rule of thumb, maximum normal cargo dimensions are: 304X200X152 centimeters.

When moving personal effects, certain fees may be levied: airport fees, warehouse fees, custom clearance charges, duty/tax and door delivery charges, in addition to what one pays at point of origin. If a piece of cargo is examined by customs, at the final destination, please be prepared to expect certain charges and a delay in delivery time.

Certain items fall under the “prohibited or restricted from shipment” category i.e. controlled drugs, firearms, ammunition, explosives, certain seeds and plants, meat and poultry etc. Please check the list carefully before planning your shipment.
 
Containers Type and Dimensions

Shipments to and from United States of America:

  • There are certain rules and regulations under FMC that have to be adhered to if one is planning to ship cargo to or from the USA. We will be happy to assist you in this matter. Details are also available at – 
    http://www.fmc.gov/questions/

 

Shipments to and from the United Kingdom and the European Union:

  • For Import clearance the following documents may be required: Invoice, Packing List, GSP/COO and Supporting License, if applicable.

 

 

  • Every first-time importer or exporter will require a VAT# /EORI number to conduct business.

To apply for an EORI number, please check the relevant link and download the form, fill it   and send it to Turn Team office. All details are available online.

 

 

 

For UK VAT registration and details, click the link.

http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/vat/start/register/how-to-register.htm

 

  • NES (New Entry System) or EDI (Electronic DATA Processing) systems are used for customs clearances.
  • Freight agents who pay customs duties and VAT on the customer’s behalf through their Deferment Account Number usually charge a “Deferment surcharge”.
  • Customs randomly select containers for screening and examination, and put them on “Scanner Hold”. All charges are to be paid by consignee(s).
  • T1 bonds are used to move freight from one ERTS or Customs Bonded warehouse to another ERTS or Customs bonded warehouse for clearance purposes. It is important that the T1 bond is discharged properly on arrival at the Bonded Warehouse.
  • Certificate of Origin (COO). There are various COOs i.e. the European COO, the Arab COO etc. These can be obtained from your local Chamber of Commerce if required, and have to be produced at the shipment destination. Shipments going to Arab countries require these documents.
  • GSP (Generalized systems of preferences) – this is an arrangement between certain countries where GSP for goods from certain origins are automatically eligible for 2.5% discount against Customs Duty.
  • Commodity code/Harmonized code/ Tariff Code/Taric code- these titles refer to certain codes given to each commodity for shipping and identification purposes. These are used for various purposes for example – customs clearances etc.
  • EU VAT- Movement of Goods within EU countries are subject to VAT charge (value added tax)
  • Rate of Exchange (ROE) Differential Charge is implemented sometimes to recover the loss incurred in currency exchange rates, due to the time duration of a shipment.
  • Containers’ dimensions are available in our Ocean Freight Page.
  • Cargo Short Shipped – Cargo that was not fully loaded on board of an aircraft or ship but which is listed in the shipment’s air waybill or bill of lading.
  • Detention Charges are applicable when the free time provided by shipping lines or airlines lapse.
  • LO-LO (Lift on-Lift Off) – These charges are applicable when merchant haulage is being processed. Shipping lines when they arrange for haulages usually absorbs these charges.
  • Palletisation of cargo – to secure freight on pallets in order to avoid damage, loss or pilferage.
  • Chargeable weight – the unit used for freight purposes. Shipments are either charged at volume weight or gross weight whichever is higher.
  • Hazardous / Dangerous Goods- it is important to declare Dangerous goods at the time of shipment so that provisions are made to transport them safely. Non – declaration of DGR cargo may lead to penalties or imprisonment.

 

 

Shipments To and From India

  • For Import clearance one would need the following: Invoice, Packing List, GSP/COO and supporting License, if applicable.
  • Any goods including Personal effects would be subject to Duty and Taxes unless stated otherwise.
  • A First-time Importer or Exporter may require an IEC (Import & Export) code.
  • EDI (Electronic DATA Processing) – Electronic customs clearance.
  • Custom Examination refers to full examination of cargo at customs facility by authorities. This can take several days and may cost extra under ‘storage and demurrage’ charges etc.
  • Certificate of Origin (COO) can be obtained from local Chambers of Commerce.
  • GSP (Generalized systems of preferences) – this is an arrangement between certain countries where GSP for goods from certain origins are automatically eligible for 2.5% discount against Customs Duty.
  • Commodity code/Harmonized code/ Tariff Code/Taric code- these titles refer to certain codes given to each commodity for shipping and identification purposes. These are used for various purposes for example – customs clearances etc.
  • EU VAT- Movement of Goods within EU countries are subject to VAT charge (value added tax)
  • Containers’ dimensions are available in our Ocean Freight Page.
  • Cargo Short Shipped – Cargo that was not fully loaded on board of an aircraft or ship but which is listed in the shipment’s air waybill or bill of lading.
  • Demurrage charge is applicable when free time lapses. Usually 5 days for import containers and 24 hours for Air cargo.
  • Palletisation of cargo – to secure freight on pallets in order to avoid damage, loss or pilferage.
  • Chargeable weight – the unit used for freight purposes. Shipments are either charged at volume weight or gross weight whichever is higher.
  • Hazardous / Dangerous Goods- it is important to declare Dangerous goods at the time of shipment so that provisions are made to transport them safely. Non – declaration of DGR cargo may lead to penalties or imprisonment.

 

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